Túpac Amaru (1545 – 24 September 1572) was the last indigenous monarch (Sapa Inca) of the Neo-Inca State, the remnants of the Inca Empire in Vilcabamba, Peru. He was executed by the Spanish following a months-long pursuit after the fall of the last stronghold of the Neo-Inca State.:11
The name is also spelled Tupac, Topa, Tupaq, Thupaq, Thupa, or other similar variants, and Amaro instead of Amaru. It comes from Quechua Thupaq, "Royal" or "Shining", and Amaru, "Serpent" (or a mythological serpent-like being).