C1 Level Syllabus

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English level C1 (Advanced) is the fifth CEFR English language level.

We provide the international CEFR description, followed by study targets and links to our free online English training.

At the end of English level C1, you can:

  • understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognize implicit meaning.

  • express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.

  • use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.

  • produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, with controlled use of organizational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.

(Adapted from the international CEFR framework. This is set out by the Council of Europe (2001) Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: learning, teaching, assessment.)

English communication (C1)

  • Expressing feelings and attitudes

  • Emphases on an issue or a feeling

  • Expressing opinions tentatively - Where do you think the Corona virus originated from? Why? 

  • Developing an argument systematically - Why is Coca-Cola better than Pepsi? 

  • Negotiating and conceding - 

  • Describing cause and effect - 

  • Expressing empathy and sympathy

  • Expressing reservations - Why do you feel that way about that group of people? 

  • Speculating about events in past, present, future - What if...?

  • Discussing complex subjects in detail - Why the freedom of press is essential to a free and open society? 

English vocabulary (C1)

  • Life experiences and lifestyles

  • Books and literature

  • Money and business

  • News and current affairs

  • Global issues - 

  • Technology

  • Scientific developments

  • Vague language

  • Colloquial expressions

  • Idiomatic expressions

English grammar (C1)

  • Futures (revision)

  • Passives (all forms)

  • Compound adjectives and modifying gradable adjectives

  • Adverbs and adverbial phrases: degree

  • Modals in the past

  • Mixed conditionals

  • Ellipsis and substitution

  • Adding emphasis - cleft sentences

  • Adding emphasis - inversion with negative adverbials

  • Multiword verbs